The 2+2 dialogue serves as a crucial platform for strategic and security discussions between the foreign and defense ministers of India and its allied nations.

This format facilitates deeper understanding of mutual strategic concerns, fostering stronger and more integrated relationships amid a dynamically changing global landscape.

India engages in 2+2 dialogues with key strategic partners including the US, Australia, Japan, and Russia, with the latter three being Quad members.


India-US (2+2 Dialogue):

  1. Celebrating 75 years of diplomatic ties, India and the US, as trusted partners, share commitment to democracy, pluralism, and a rules-based international order.
  2. The inaugural 2+2 dialogue took place during the Trump Administration in 2018 with significant discussions.

Global Partnership and Indo-Pacific Cooperation:

  1. Both sides emphasize promoting a resilient international order based on sovereignty, democratic values, peace, and prosperity.
  2. The ministers addressed Ukraine’s humanitarian crisis and condemned civilian casualties, reflecting shared concerns over global stability.

Mutual Prosperity, Innovation, and Resilient Supply Chains:

  1. Economic growth and mutual prosperity are prioritized, underlining the importance of robust commercial and economic ties.
  2. Collaborative efforts aim to strengthen resilient supply chains and foster innovation for sustained growth.

Climate, Environment, and Clean Energy:

  1. Joint initiatives like the US-India Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership aim to develop low-carbon pathways and promote green technologies.
  2. Technical collaboration and research projects contribute to climate goals and environmental sustainability.

Science, Technology, Cybersecurity, and Space:

  1. The positive science and technology collaboration is set to continue with a Joint Commission Meeting on Science and Technology in 2022.
  2. Strengthening cooperation in these domains showcases their shared commitment to advancements.

Global Health:

  1. The partnership played a crucial role in combating COVID-19 and addressing global health challenges.
  2. Collaborative efforts reflect the significance of collective action in managing health crises.

Defence and Security:

  1. The U.S.-India Major Defence Partnership has progressed significantly with foundational pacts for military cooperation.
  2. Agreements like LEMOA, COMCASA, and BECA have bolstered defense cooperation and interoperability.

Education and People-to-People Ties:

  1. The Fulbright-Nehru program promotes academic and professional exchanges, deepening ties between the nations.
  2. The Indian-American diaspora contributes to strengthening U.S.-India relations.


Strengthening military cooperation assumes significance in the face of growing challenges posed by an assertive China.

Collaborative efforts between India and the US extend to critical 21st-century technologies and global rule-setting.

Continued investments in the relationship offer mutual benefits as regional and global dynamics evolve. The enduring incentives for cooperation are poised to transcend administrations.