1. Amrit Sarovar Mission

  • GS Paper – 2 Government Policies & Interventions

Why in the news?

The Union government has directed the Ministry of Railways and the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to use soil/silt excavated from Amrit Sarovar Mission ponds/tanks in all districts across the country for infrastructural projects.

What exactly is the Amrit Sarovar Mission?


  • The Amrit Sarovar Mission was begun on April 24, 2022, with the goal of conserving water for the future.


  • As part of the Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations, the Mission aims to develop and revitalise 75 water bodies in each district in the country.
  • It would result in the production of 50,000 water bodies the size of an acre or more.
  • The Mission promotes the mobilisation of citizen and non-governmental resources to augment these efforts.

Involved Ministries:

  • This mission was launched with a whole-government approach, involving six Ministries/Departments:
  • Rural Development Department
  • Land Resources Department
  • Drinking Water and Sanitation Department
  • Water Resources Department
  • Panchayati Raj Ministry
  • Forest, Environment, and Climate Change Ministry

Technical Collaboration:

  • The Mission’s technical partner is the Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Application and Geo-informatics (BISAG-N).

Various Schemes for Refocusing:

  • The Mission operates through states and districts, emphasising several initiatives such as Mahatma Gandhi NREGS, XV Finance Commission Grants, PMKSY sub-schemes such as Watershed Development Component and Har Khet Ko Pani, as well as state-specific schemes.


  • Mission Amrit Sarovar is scheduled to be completed on August 15, 2023.
  • Around 50,000 Amrit Sarovars could be built in the country.
  • Each of these Amrit Sarovars will cover around one acre and have a water capacity of 10,000 cubic metres.
  • The primary point is people’s participation in the Mission.
  • Local liberation fighters, their families, Martyrs’ families, Padma Awardees, and inhabitants of the area where an Amrit Sarovar is to be built would be involved at all stages.
  • Every 15th of August, a National Flag hoisting ceremony will be held at each Amrit Sarovar location.


  • So far, States/Districts have finalised 12,241 sites for Amrit Sarovar construction, with 4,856 Amrit Sarovars already under construction.


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