What is Scientific Social Responsibility? Do you think India needs a policy on Scientific Social Responsibility? (150 words)


  • Describe Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR) and explain why India requires a Scientific Social Responsibility policy.
  • Provide an appropriate conclusion.


Scientific Social Responsibility is defined as “the ethical commitment of knowledge workers in all sectors of research and technology to freely provide their knowledge and resources to society’s broadest range of stakeholders, in the spirit of service and conscious reciprocity.”

With its lively youthful population, New India is a country of ambition and desire that necessitates a fresh emphasis on the integration of science and technology with society at both the institutional and individual levels. As a result, the Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR) policy, which attempts to encourage easy access to resources and knowledge, would be a big step in the right direction.

India will be the first country in the world to implement a Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR) Policy along the lines of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to encourage science and technology (S&T) institutions and individual scientists to actively engage in science outreach activities to connect science with society.


Why India requires a scientific social responsibility strategy –

To encourage scientific and technology (S&T) organisations and individual scientists around the country to engage in science outreach initiatives that connect science with society.

Harnessing the scientific community’s latent potential for building links between research and society and revitalising the S&T ecosystem.

Creating a system to ensure access to scientific knowledge, translating scientific gains to meet societal demands, and encouraging cooperation to discover issues and develop solutions.

To make it easier to address the country’s Technology Vision 2035 Prerogatives and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) such as water, ecology, health, and livelihood.

Through scientific interventions, to empower women, the poor, and the weaker parts of society.

To assist MSMEs, startups, and informal sector businesses in enhancing overall productivity.

To make scientific intervention in rural innovation easier.

The strategy envisions organically enhancing science-society links by fostering synergy among all stakeholders in order to usher in a cultural revolution in the conduct of science for the benefit of society at large in the country.


When the majority of research is funded by taxpayers, the scientific establishment has an ethical imperative to “give back” to society. “SSR is concerned not only with the scientific influence on society, but also with the social impact on science.” As a result, SSR would boost the knowledge ecosystem and increase efficiencies in leveraging science for societal benefit.”

Primary health structure is a fundamental for sustained growth, in addition to being a moral necessity of a Welfare State.” Analyse. (250 words)


  • Begin by explaining what you mean by a welfare state.
  • Discuss how primary health care is a moral imperative of the state and a prerequisite for long-term development.
  • Conclude appropriately.


When a person has a health condition, primary health care is the first point of contact with the health system. The Welfare State is a government idea in which the state plays a vital role in the protection and promotion of its citizens’ economic and social well-being.


A Welfare State’s primary health care system is a moral imperative:

Because the right to health is a component of the right to life, it is a basic right guaranteed to every Indian citizen under Article 21 of the Constitution.

Article 47, as a Directive Principle of State Policy, talks about improving people’s nutrition and living standards, as well as public health. It makes the state obligated to offer primary health care facilities.

Primary health care is the most efficient and effective method of achieving universal health coverage. In the following respects, primary health care is a critical precursor for long-term development:

The third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) is to “ensure healthy lifestyles and promote wellbeing for all at all ages.” Without a strong primary health care structure, access to quality health care would be impossible.

Lack of access to subsidised and timely care leads to affordability concerns, creating a vicious cycle of poverty and increasing people’s out-of-pocket expenses.

Health issues, disabilities, and risky behaviours can all have an impact on educational outcomes and contribute to social isolation.

Poor population health is connected with lower savings rates, lower rates of return on capital, and lower levels of investment, all of which can and do contribute to lower levels of economic growth.


The Primary Health Care model, as recognised in the 2018 Astana Declaration, is the most effective strategy to address today’s health concerns in a sustainable manner. The National Health Policy 2017 envisions a broader package of ensured comprehensive primary health care through Health and Wellness Centers’ and proposes spending a significant amount of resources to primary care.


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