1. Evaluate the policies of Lord Curzon and their long-term implications on the national movements. (UPSC 2020)
  2. Since the decade of the 1920s, the national movement acquired various ideological strands and thereby expanded its social base. Discuss. (UPSC 2020)
  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination the recurrent big and small local rebellions that had occurred in the preceding hundred years of British rule. Elucidate. (UPSC 2019)
  4. Examine the linkages between 19th centuries ‘Indian Renaissance’ and the emergence of national identity. (UPSC 2019)
  5. Many voices had strengthened and enriched the nationalist movement during the Gandhian phase. Elaborate. (UPSC 2019)
  6. Assess the role of British imperial power in complicating the process of transfer of power during the 1940s. (UPSC 2019)
  7. Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times. (UPSC 2018)
  8. Clarify how mid-eighteenth-century India was beset with the spectre of a fragmented polity. (UPSC 2017)
  9. Why did the ‘Moderates’ fail to carry conviction with the nation about their proclaimed ideology and political goals by the end of the nineteenth century? (UPSC 2017)
  10. Examine how the decline of traditional artisanal industry in colonial India crippled the rural economy. (UPSC 2017)
  11. The women’s questions arose in modern India as a part of the 19th century social reform movement. What were the major issues and debates concerning women in that period? (UPSC 2017)
  12. Highlight the importance of the new objectives that got added to the vision of Indian independence since twenties of the last century. (UPSC 2017)
  13. Explain how the Uprising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.(UPSC 2016)
  14. Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase. (UPSC 2016)
  15. Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom. (UPSC 2016)
  16. How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.(UPSC 2015)
  17. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss.(UPSC 2015)
  18. The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat?(UPSC 2014)
  19. Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from mideighteenth century till independence.(UPSC 2014)
  20. In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India?(UPSC 2014)
  21. Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss.(UPSC 2013)
  22. Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom.(UPSC 2013)
  23. In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate.(UPSC 2013)
  24. “The Indian independence movement was a mass-based movement that encompassed various sections of society. It also underwent the process of constant ideological evolution? Critically examine.(UPSC 2012)
  25. The significance of Patharughat in the Indian freedom struggle(UPSC 2012)
  26. Trace the salient sequence of events in the popular revolt that took place in February 1946 in the then, ‘Royal Indian Navy’ and bring out its significance in the freedom struggle. Do you agree with the view that the sailors who took part in this revolt were some of the unsung heroes of the freedom struggle?(UPSC 2011)
  27. Evaluate the influence of the three important women’s organizations of the early twentieth century in India on the Country’s society and politics. To what extent do you think were the social objectives of these organizations constrained by their political objectives?(UPSC 2011)
  1. Explain about:(UPSC 2011)

(a) ‘Benoy-Badal-Dinesh’ martyrdom
(b) Bharat Naujawan Sabha
(c) ‘Babbar Akali’ movement


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