Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme Extended: Unveiling India’s Energy Potential

The extension of the ‘Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme’ signifies the Indian government’s commitment to harnessing the nation’s vast coal and lignite resources efficiently.

India, as one of the world’s fastest-growing economies, heavily relies on coal and lignite as primary sources of energy. To ensure a sustainable and uninterrupted supply, the Indian government has extended the ‘Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme’ from 2021-22 to 2025-26. With an estimated expenditure of ₹2,980 crore, this central sector plan aims to explore and assess the country’s coal and lignite resources, laying the foundation for informed decision-making and future coal mining endeavors.


Assessing Presence, Quantity, and Quality The primary objective of the ‘Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme’ is to determine the presence, quantity, and quality of coal and lignite resources within India. Through systematic exploration efforts, geological surveys are conducted to identify potential areas for coal mining. By understanding the geology and characteristics of these resources, the government can effectively plan for their extraction, ensuring long-term energy security.

Promotional (Regional) Exploration:

Shaping the Future A significant portion of the allocated funds, ₹1,650 crore, is dedicated to promotional (regional) exploration. This stage involves surveying approximately 1,300 square kilometers to identify potential coal and lignite deposits. By conducting comprehensive studies, the scheme aims to encourage investment and generate interest in the development of these resources. Such exploration plays a pivotal role in attracting both domestic and international stakeholders, contributing to economic growth and job creation in the coal mining sector.

Detailed Exploration in non-Coal India Limited (CIL) Blocks:

Unveiling Potential The ‘Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme’ also allocates ₹1,330 crore for detailed drilling in non-CIL areas, covering about 650 square kilometers. This stage involves extensive field investigations, including drilling boreholes and conducting geological surveys, to assess the quality and quantity of coal and lignite reserves. Detailed exploration provides vital data that supports the preparation of comprehensive project reports necessary for initiating coal mining operations.

Utilization of Geological Reports:

Driving Efficiency The geological reports generated through these explorations serve as a crucial resource for various purposes. Firstly, they aid in the auctioning of new coal blocks, ensuring a transparent and competitive bidding process. Potential allocatees can make informed decisions based on the comprehensive geological information provided, enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of resource allocation. Additionally, the cost incurred during exploration is subsequently recovered from successful allocatees, ensuring a self-sustaining financial model for the scheme.


Empowering India’s Energy Sector The ‘Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme’ holds immense significance for India’s energy sector and the nation as a whole. By accurately estimating the available coal and lignite resources, the scheme contributes to the preparation of detailed project reports, which facilitate the start of coal mining operations. This, in turn, helps meet the rising energy demands of various sectors, including power generation, industries, and domestic consumption. Furthermore, the scheme supports job creation, economic growth, and ensures long-term energy security for the nation.

Future Prospects:

Fostering Sustainability and Innovation As India seeks to diversify its energy mix and reduce its dependence on coal, the ‘Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme’ lays the foundation for a sustainable transition. The data and knowledge gained through this exploration will enable informed decision-making regarding the utilization of coal resources, including adopting cleaner technologies, enhancing environmental sustainability, and promoting renewable energy sources. The scheme also encourages innovation in the coal mining sector, fostering research and development to maximize efficiency and minimize environmental impact.

China Unveils World’s Most Powerful Hypersonic Wind Tunnel for Advancing Aerospace Ambitions

China’s completion of the world’s most powerful hypersonic wind tunnel, the JF-22, represents a significant milestone in the country’s pursuit of hypersonic technology.

China has achieved a major milestone in its pursuit of hypersonic technology with the completion of the world’s most powerful wind tunnel. Known as the JF-22, this groundbreaking facility is set to play a pivotal role in China’s hypersonic ambitions, enabling the country to make significant strides in the development of hypersonic vehicles. The JF-22 wind tunnel, located in Beijing’s Huairou district, boasts impressive capabilities, including the ability to simulate hypersonic flight conditions at speeds up to Mach 30.

Understanding the Challenges of Hypersonic Flight:

Hypersonic flight poses numerous challenges, including managing extreme heat and pressure, ensuring stable flight paths, and guaranteeing passenger safety. The JF-22 wind tunnel provides a controlled environment for researchers to study these complex physics and overcome the technical hurdles associated with hypersonic flight. By simulating hypersonic conditions, researchers can better understand the interaction of hypersonic vehicles with their surroundings and develop innovative technologies to enhance performance and safety.

Importance of Wind Tunnels in Hypersonic Research:

Wind tunnels like the JF-22 are crucial tools in advancing hypersonic technology. These facilities allow for systematic testing and analysis of vehicles in controlled environments. By subjecting models or prototypes to high-speed airflow, researchers can identify potential issues or design flaws before building and flying actual vehicles. This reduces the risk of failure or accidents and enables the development of robust and reliable hypersonic systems.

Innovative Approach of the JF-22 Wind Tunnel:

What sets the JF-22 wind tunnel apart is its innovative approach to generating airflow. Instead of traditional expansion methods, the JF-22 employs a shock wave generator called a “reflected direct shock wave driver.” This system utilizes precisely timed explosions to create shock waves that converge, generating high-speed airflow within the tunnel. While this method has its drawbacks, such as noise, air pollution, and safety concerns, it provides the rapid and intense energy bursts required for hypersonic testing.

Validation of the JF-22 Wind Tunnel:

The performance of the JF-22 wind tunnel has been thoroughly evaluated by a team of 16 independent experts, who have acknowledged its world-leading capabilities. Its state-of-the-art design and functionality position it as a cutting-edge facility for hypersonic research. Alongside the JF-12 wind tunnel, which simulates flight conditions up to Mach 9, these wind tunnels create a comprehensive experimental platform for testing near-space vehicles. By combining data from both tunnels, researchers can enhance their understanding of materials and designs under various flight conditions, ultimately improving the performance and reliability of hypersonic weapons and aircraft.

World Day Against Child Labour 2023 observed on 12 June

World Day Against Child Labour, observed on June 12th, aims to inspire a global movement against child labour. With the slogan “Social Justice for All. End Child Labour!” in 2023.

World Day Against Child Labour 2023

World Day Against Child Labour, observed on June 12th, aims to inspire a global movement against child labour. With the slogan “Social Justice for All. End Child Labour!” in 2023, it highlights the connection between social justice and the eradication of child labour. The International Labour Organization initiated this event in 2002, turning it into an international occasion. Its purpose is to motivate individuals, organizations, and governments to combat child labour and work towards its permanent elimination.

World Day Against Child Labour 2023, Theme and Significance

The theme for World Day Against Child Labour 2023 is “Social Justice for All. End Child Labour!” This theme highlights the connection between social justice and the issue of child labour.

Child labour is a grave problem that deprives children of their innocence, rights, and a normal childhood. They are subjected to exploitation and forced to work in hazardous conditions. Observing World Day Against Child Labour provides an important opportunity to address this issue and raise awareness about the urgent need to eradicate child labour.

This day holds significance because it serves as a platform to amplify the message of ending child labour. By supporting and observing this day, individuals and organizations can contribute to the global movement against child labour, advocating for the rights and well-being of children.

History of World Day Against Child Labour

The International Labour Organization initiated World Day Against Child Labour in 2002. Since then, the event has gained momentum and is now celebrated annually across the globe. Its purpose is to draw attention to the issue of child labour and mobilize efforts to combat it effectively. The continued observance of this day reflects the commitment of various stakeholders to address this pressing issue and work towards a world free from child labour.


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