Former Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi dies at 86

Silvio Berlusconi, the billionaire media mogul who served as Italian prime minister multiple times between 1994 and 2011, has died.

Silvio Berlusconi, the billionaire media mogul who served as Italian prime minister multiple times between 1994 and 2011, has died. He was 86. Berlusconi’s extensive political career included appointments as Italian prime minister from 1994 to 1995, 2001 to 2006 and 2008 to 2011. He worked as a member of the European Parliament since 2019, where he also served from 1999 to 2001. His Forza Italia party is currently a junior partner in Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni’s ruling right-wing coalition.

Berlusconi entertained several business ventures in tandem with his political tenure, accruing a fortune estimated at around $7 billion in June. He was the controlling shareholder of Italy’s largest commercial broadcaster, Mediaset, whose shares rose over 5%.

International Albinism Awareness Day 2023: Date, Theme, and History

International Albinism Awareness Day is observed annually on 13th June to create awareness about a genetic skin condition called Albinism.

International Albinism Awareness Day 2023

International Albinism Awareness Day is observed annually on 13th June to create awareness about a genetic skin condition called Albinism, and promote the rights and regulations of Albinism on a global level. The day is recognized to put an end to the misconceptions and stereotypes related to this condition, and also encourage the inclusion of people suffering from Albinism in all aspects of society without any discrimination.

Theme for International Albinism Awareness Day 2023

This year’s theme, “Inclusion is Strength,” builds on last year’s theme of “United in making our voice heard.” Its aim is to ensure the inclusion of the voices of persons with albinism in all sectors of life. It emphasises the importance of inclusion of a diversity of groups from both within and outside the albinism community.

What is albinism?

Albinism is a rare, non-contagious, genetically inherited difference present at birth. In almost all types of albinism, both parents must carry the gene for it to be passed on, even if they do not have albinism themselves. The condition is found in both sexes regardless of ethnicity and in all countries of the world. Albinism results in a lack of pigmentation (melanin) in the hair, skin and eyes, causing vulnerability to the sun and bright light. As a result, almost all people with albinism are visually impaired and are prone to developing skin cancer. There is no cure for the absence of melanin that is central to albinism.

While numbers vary, it is estimated that in North America and Europe 1 in every 17,000 to 20,000 people have some form of albinism. The condition is much more prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, with estimates of 1 in 1,400 people being affected in Tanzania and prevalence as high as 1 in 1,000 reported for select populations in Zimbabwe and for other specific ethnic groups in Southern Africa.

History of International Albinism Awareness Day

  • The origin of International Albinism Awareness Day can be traced back to the dedicated work of various organizations and advocates who aimed to raise awareness about this medical condition and improve the lives of individuals with Albinism.
  • In 2013, the United Nations’ Human Rights Council recognized Albinism as a human rights issue, condemning the global violence and discrimination faced by individuals with Albinism. The resolution also outlined the actions that member states should take to promote social inclusion and protect the rights of affected individuals.
  • This resolution received support from numerous organizations worldwide, including the Albinism Society of Kenya. Eventually, on December 18, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly officially designated June 13 as International Albinism Awareness Day.
  • The late Ambassador of the Mission of Somalia to the United Nations in Geneva, Yusuf Mohamed Ismail Bari-Bari, played a leading role in championing the resolution, in collaboration with Under the Same Sun, an organization dedicated to promoting and protecting the rights of people with Albinism, particularly in Africa. Shortly after the resolution’s adoption, NOAH (National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation) participated in a United Nations event to celebrate this milestone.

History and Previous Editions:

The 11th edition of the joint military exercise took place in the Maldives in December 2021. Over the years, the defence cooperation between India and the Maldives has expanded, encompassing joint exercises as well as assistance in defence training and equipment requirements. The annual conduct of “Ex Ekuverin” further solidifies the bond between the two nations, fostering mutual trust and understanding.

Counter Insurgency/Counter Terrorism Operations:

“Ex Ekuverin” plays a crucial role in enhancing the capabilities of both the Indian Army and the Maldives National Defence Force in conducting Counter Insurgency/Counter Terrorism Operations. With a focus on sharing best practices, the exercise allows for the exchange of knowledge and expertise in dealing with these challenges effectively. The joint training enables the forces to refine their strategies and tactics, ensuring a coordinated approach when faced with such threats.

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Operations:

In addition to Counter Insurgency/Counter Terrorism Operations, the joint exercise also emphasizes the conduct of Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief operations. The participating contingents will practice joint response mechanisms and coordination in the event of natural disasters or humanitarian crises. This aspect of the exercise enhances the readiness of both forces to provide timely assistance and support to affected communities, further strengthening their ability to work together in times of need.

Future Prospects:

The Indo-Maldives joint military exercise, “Ex Ekuverin,” holds significant potential for the two nations. It serves as a platform for building trust, enhancing interoperability, and fostering a deeper understanding between the Indian Army and the Maldives National Defence Force. The exercise facilitates the exchange of knowledge, experiences, and skills, contributing to the overall growth of both forces. As the two nations continue to strengthen their cooperation in various fields, “Ex Ekuverin” will play a pivotal role in further bolstering the ties between India and the Maldives.


No comments yet. Why don’t you start the discussion?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *